Obsessive – Compulsive Disorder
This disorder is characterized by the persistent, recurring, unwanted appearance of thoughts, impulses or images that cause intense anxiety and distress, and which the person is unable to suppress or repel, even though they know that they are excessive. Many times, the patient will ruminate on a subject for hours daily.
The person may resort to coercive acts, which are repetitive behaviours (e.g. hand washing, tidying, checking), mental acts (e.g., praying, counting, silent repetitions of words), which the person is forced to perform in response to an obsession or in accordance with rules to be applied. The behaviours or the mental acts aim at preventing or reducing distress or preventing some event or situation that the individual sees in horror. However, these behaviours or mental acts are either not accompanied by a realistic way with what they are designed to neutralize or they are clearly excessive.